Ancient Pottery in Greece
The pottery of ancient Greece has provided the most distinctive vase shapes from ancient times. Pottery is one of the great archaeological survivors and is an essential tool for archaeologists and historians in determining the timeline of ancient Greece. Further, many Greek vases were meant for everyday use and the clay to produce pottery was readily available.
The clay was generally prepared and distinguished in tanks so that different consistencies of the material could be achieved, and different consistencies depended on the vessel types to be made.
Furthermore, Greek pottery was always created on the potter’s wheel and usually created in separate sections. These sections were merged together with a clay ‘slip’ after drying. It is even possible to see the creator’s fingerprints impressed on the inside of the vessel. The piece was put back on the wheel to smooth the join marks and add the final shaping.
All vases were uniquely handmade and reveal that the use of simple tools was the norm in Ancient Greece. Popular methods of decorating the clay included painting the whole or parts of the vase. Black paint was made from a mix of alkali potash, clay with silicon content, and black ferrous oxide of iron. This mixture was then added with a brush and affixed to the pot by using an adhesive made of urine or vinegar. The piece was then placed in a kiln, binding the paint to the clay.
To conclude, the ancient Greeks created some of the oldest and most wide-ranging portrayals of the cultural beliefs practiced in ancient Greece.